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Top Ten Defense Base Act Questions

The Defense Base Act Lawyer-Bill Turley

“When I seek out professional advice, I don’t want B.S. I want it straight up, with no double talk. I figure do also. I always use plain English, with no sugarcoating no B.S lawyer talk, and no double talk- just old fashioned, unsweetened, unvarnished truth-just the way that I would want it.” - Defense Base Act Lawyer Bill Turley


Top 10 Most Common Defense Base Act Questions:


1. What is the Defense Base Act?

2. Do I really need a lawyer for my DBA claim? 

3.  Isn't it better to have a local lawyer? 

4. What injuries are covered under the Defense Base Act?

5. What does "injury" mean?

6. When do I have to file my DBA claim?

7. Can I get disability under the Defense Base Act?

8. What if I don't have an incident report?

9. What if my employer doesn't have DBA insurance?

10. What is the biggest myth about the Defense Base Act?

Bonus Section 

11. How should I interact with the DBA insurance adjuster?

12. What happens if DBA insurance company won't authorize my medical treatment? 


The First Thing You Must Do - ALWAYS tell the truth

Before I answer these Top 10 Defense Base Act questions, there are a few things you need to know and do. The first thing you must do is always tell the truth. No matter what it is you are worried about, you must always be honest and never try and hide something or be evasive with the judge or your attorney. If you do, then you will lose your case. Trust me, I have seen it time and time again. Do not be that guy or gal.

Nothing is more important than your credibility. The DBA insurance company is hoping you will lie. Because if you do, then you just got caught in one on their traps. You will usually lose your case when this happens. 


You REALLY need to read my free book - Win Your Defense Base Act Case

Now, don't go thinking, "I'm honest, I'm good."  Not.

Good, decent , honest folks - just like you - fall for their tricks and traps all the time. The insurance adjusters are trained to get you to screw up your case. Depend on it.

Before you even think about signing any forms from the DBA insurance company, you need to do read my book.  Before you talk to the adjuster, you need to read my book. Before you hire the wrong lawyer, read my book.

Don't believe me?

I don't blame you. You shouldn't trust most things you read on lawyer websites.

But here is the proof:  read all of these 5 Star reviews of my book - Win Your Defense Base Act Case on amazon.com.


You can order my free book, Win Your Defense Base Act Case: The Ultimate Straight Talk Roadmap To The Medical Treatment and Money You and Your Family Deserve. It is full of useful information that will only benefit you in your battle against the insurance company.

And before you do, check out the great 5 Star Amazon Reviews. I promise you will not be disappointed. These reviews were written by folks like yourself who wanted to learn about their case.


Need help right now?

If you need help now, give us at call at (619) 234-2833.

The Defense Base Act and You

If you are injured in-theater / in-country as a private overseas military contractor the Defense Base Act applies to you. 

My name is Bill Turley I literally wrote the book on the Defense Base Act. 

What you are going to see is that you have just traded one war for a whole new different war. Make no mistake about it - once you are seriously injured while overseas - you are at war with the insurance company.  What I don't want to see is you making a potentially case-ending mistake by falling for one of the insurance companies tricks or traps.

Avoiding the insurance company tricks and traps

I take pride in providing military contractors just like you the crucial information and resources you need to ensure you are not taken advantage of or left up a creek without a paddle. My mission is to help keep you from falling for one of the insurance company's tricks or traps.

Believe it or not, I don't believe in sugar coating things.  Everything you hear from me is straight-up information you need to know so that you can protect the well being of both you and your family.

I am tired of seeing people get taken advantage of by the insurance companies when they are injured overseas simply because they are unaware of the process of the Defense Base Act or the tricks the insurance company attorneys use to trip you up!

It's my goal to help YOU know what is coming so you are NOT one of the folks that fall victim to their all too real games. Only it's not a game when we're talking about your family's economic future. 

It's not a game when folks end up being homeless due to not getting the money benefits they are entitled to under the law. 


And now on to the Top 10 Defense Base Act Questions ...


1. What is the Defense Base Act?

The Defense Base Act initially applied to persons working on American military bases abroad. The DBA was then broadened to cover most federal contractors working outside of the United States.

The Defense Base Act provides benefits to employees working for defense contractors outside the continental United States. In recent years, there have been thousands of Defense Base Act workers seriously injured in Iraq and Afghanistan.

If you are an employee of a civilian contractor injured while working under a U.S. Government contract in Iraq, Afghanistan, Kuwait, or anywhere in the world, your claim possibly falls under the DBA. Civilian employees of contractors that support military and State Department operations worldwide usually fall under the Defense Base Act. The Defense Base Act is a federal workers compensation program for the employees of these civilian contractors.

The DBA requires that federal government contractors and subcontractors provide workers’ compensation insurance for their employees who work outside of the United States. The DBA also covers both United States citizens and foreign nationals.

Basically all types of service contracts are covered under the DBA. Workers that work for contractors performing service contracts, even those, which do not directly provide for construction, alteration, removal or repair are included in the definition of public work.

* For more in-depth information on what the Defense Base Act is Check out pages 12-16 of the "Win Your Defense Base Act Case” book.


2. Do I really need a lawyer for my DBA claim? 

The emphatic answer is YES - you must have a lawyer if want to survive your DBA claim. Not having a lawyer for your DBA claim is like going to a gun fight with a tooth brush.  Seriously.  I'm not telling you this so you hire me as your lawyer. Whether it is me or one of the other big name Defense Base Act lawyers - you need the best, honest DBA lawyer that will agree to take your case. 

Many seriously injured overseas civilian contractors figure they can represent themselves in their Defense Base Act case. They figure they can save money on attorney fees by not hiring a Defense Base Act Lawyer. It is entirely understandable why these folks think they will be saving money. After all it’s only a DBA claim, what can be so difficult? Why would I need a Defense Base Act Lawyer?

When the other side has a lawyer, you need one, too. Too often, injured workers are out-lawyered by the insurance company. You need a lawyer that can go toe to toe with the big DBA insurance company lawyers.

You need a lawyer that knows the ins and outs of gathering medical evidence, filing well-documented DBA claims, and appearing at hearings. You need a lawyer that knows how to protect you from insurance company attempts to poke holes in your case.

While you aren’t required to have a Defense Base Act attorney to file for DBA benefits, it is always in your best interest to do so. If you are about to file for DBA benefits, if your claim has been denied, or your benefits have been reduced or terminated don’t wait - consult with a Defense Base Act lawyer today.

The well paid lawyers hired by the DBA insurance companies have the ways and means to twist things around. By the time you get to court they may have you second-guessing yourself. That is what they do.

These lawyers get paid a lot of money to get you all mixed up. Don’t think for a minute that it can’t happen to you. This happens every day to hard working folks with legitimate injuries, just like you.

I get calls all of the time from folks that have tried to represent themselves. Sometimes I have to tell them that it is too late for even me to fix their case. Sometimes I just can't get humpty-dumpty back up on that wall. It stinks when I have to tell folks this. 

If you're seriously injured it is never too early to lawyer-up.  I suggest that you immediately get a copy of my free book - Win Your Defense Base Act Case. In the book I cover how to hire the best, honest DBA lawyer. 

The problem with the Internet is that anyone can call themselves a seasoned DBA lawyer. I urge extreme caution about hiring a lawyer based upon their pretty website. You need to research them a little first. 

Top 10 questions on the Deense Base Act

For example, you can read all about me and my book in the review section of amazon.com. There are dozens and dozens of 5 Star reviews. 

Know this: the only reason why you are going to get full value for your DBA claim is for the DBA insurance company to know that your lawyer has the skill, courage, resources and ability to bring your DBA claim to trial and win.


"I'm afraid my DBA benefits will be stopped if I hire a lawyer (or I won't get my benefits)"

I have heard folks say this. But based upon my experience (and I have been doing this a long time); I don't know of a single instance where the DBA insurance company has either stopped paying benefits or not paid DBA benefits due to the Claimant (the injured overseas civilian contractor in a DBA case) hiring a lawyer. It just doesn't happen. 

We have a very professional relationship with the DBA insurance companies, the insurance adjuster and their lawyers. I advocate maintaining a good working relationship with them. Even though they are the "enemy" - treating them with respect, courtesy and decency is always recommended. By both you and our office. 

While I understand some folks being afraid they will upset the DBA insurance company if they hire a lawyer, you should know that we have been successfully handling case with these insurance companies for years. 


3. Can't I just hire a local lawyer to handle my DBA case? 

It is important for you to hire a seasoned Defense Base Act Lawyer. Not some local attorney that comes well recommended by your accountant or friend.

The local lawyer may do fine with other types of injury or workers’ compensation cases - - but the last thing you want is your local lawyer to get steam-rolled by one of the big city DBA insurance company hired guns. In other words, you don’t want a lawyer that is learning on the job, so to speak.

The Defense Base Act (DBA) is very, very different than State workers’ compensation programs. Many DBA employees make the mistake of hiring a local workers’ compensation attorney to represent them for their Defense Base Act case. This is usually a big mistake.

The most important single thing you can do if you are a seriously injured Defense Base Act employee is to hire a seasoned Defense Base Act attorney.

Don’t get lulled into thinking that just because your claim is “legitimate” that you won’t need an experienced Defense Base Act lawyer. The DBA insurance companies depend on folks like you making this mistake, again and again. You don’t want to go there.


* Discover more common misconceptions about the Defense Base Act on pages 25-29 of the “Win Your Defense Base Act Case” book.

4. What injuries are covered under the Defense Base Act?

The Defense Base Act is different from almost every other workers ‘compensation scheme. Unlike other workers’ compensation programs, under the DBA, an injury is covered by the Defense Base Act even if your injury didn’t happen while you were actually working.

For example, injuries sustained by DBA workers during recreational activities are covered by the Defense Base Act.

Under the DBA, injuries resulting from reasonable and foreseeable recreational activities in isolated or dangerous locales arise out of a “zone of special danger” and are therefore compensable under the DBA. Thus, injuries sustained while off-duty are covered under the Defense Base Act; including recreational activities, such as exercising, training, etc. 

Injuries to DBA workers while they are exercising and/ or training are always compensable under the DBA. For example, I have won DBA cases when the Claimant was injured while playing soccer, playing basketball, jogging, swimming and lifting weights.

* For more information on what types of injuries are commonly covered by the DBA check out pages 47-54 of “Win Your DBA Case” book.

 5. What does “Injury” mean?

To be entitled to benefits under the Defense Base Act, you must have sustained an injury within the meaning of the Act. And your disability must have resulted from the injury.

The term “injury” means accidental injury or death arising out of, and in the course of, employment. Injuries covered under the Defense Base Act include:

  • Tripping and falling on steps and hurting your back
  • Automobile collisions causing injuries
  • Getting hurt while ducking for cover while under enemy fire
  • Injured by IED explosions 
  • Breaking your ankle playing basketball
  • Getting injured playing soccer
  • Falling our of your bunk and injuring yourself

If you get hurt in country / in theater then you are most likely covered under the Defense Base Act.

More specifically, if you feel pain or discomfort - - that is probably an injury under the DBA.

Let’s say you are overseas and while lifting a box you feel something strange in your back - - you just suffered a DBA injury. It doesn’t have to be any more complicated than that. If something goes wrong in your body - you have suffered a DBA injury. Whether you are entitled to weekly benefits or medical treatment are different issues under the law.

* For more specific information on what an “Injury” means check out pages 55-61 of “Win Your DBA Case” book.

 6. When do I have to file my DBA claim?

Generally, you should file your claim within one year of the date of your injury. If you are approaching the one year point, you should get your claim on file before the one year date. It is even better if you file your claim within 30 days of your injury. 

However, if you are past the one month or even past the one year date you can still prevail and win your DBA claim. 

Here is a article on Statute of Limitations under the DBA

Again, if you are within the one year - you should file before the one year after your injury.  

One other thing you should know about the Defense Base Act is DBA claims are exceedingly slow. This is mainly because Defense Base Act claims fall under the Longshore Act. In many ways the system is broken. The system simply wasn’t ready for thousands of seriously injured Defense Base Act workers coming home from Iraq, Afghanistan and other places around the world. In the simplest terms - there are way too many claims and not enough Judges.

Because of this, you need to make sure your DBA claim stays on track. In order to do this, you - or more importantly your Defense Base Act Lawyer - need to understand where your claim is and what steps are necessary in order to first get your case to trial and then win your DBA trial.


* For more detailed information on the names of forms needed and what it’s for check out pages 239-240 in my book Win Your DBA Case” book.


 7. Can I get disability under the Defense Base Act?

Under the DBA, there are four different and distinct categories of disabilities:

1. Temporary Total Disability (TTD)

2. Temporary Partial Disability (TPD)

3. Permanent Total Disability (PTD)

4. Permanent Partial Disability (PPD)

Temporary Total Disability (TTD) 
You are entitled to Temporary Total Disability (TTD) benefits if you are unable to perform your usual and customary DBA employment and your doctor has not declared you have reached maximum medical improvement. Stated in its simplest terms, if you can’t work and your doctor hasn’t released you yet you should be getting a workers’ compensation check (a TTD check) during that time period.

How Much Weekly TTD should I be getting?

You are entitled to 2/3’s of your average weekly wage (AWW) up to the maximum weekly compensation rate. For example the maximum compensation rate for injuries occurring between 10/01/2013 and 09/30/2014 is $1,346.68. If you were injured between 10/1/2014 and 9/20/2015 the maximum compensation is **.   If you were injured from 10/1/2015 and 09/20/2016 the maximum compensation rate is  ***.

What if I am not getting paid Temporary Total Disability (TTD) benefits by the DBA insurance company?

First off, you need to understand that the DBA insurance companies deny claims left and right even when the Claimant (the person bringing the DBA claim is called the "Claimant") has all the necessary documentation. But oftentimes, the reason why the DBA insurance company is denying benefits is because there is not proper documentation.

You are going to need your doctor to write a report (it can be in handwriting) that says you were injured due to your DBA employment (meaning while you were overseas) and you are currently unable to work (or do your customary DBA employment) due to your injuries.

Here it is important for your doctor to understand your work. Being able to work a desk job or even at Wal-Mart is far different from wearing body armor and having to run for a shelter in the middle of the night.

It is time to do something

If the DBA insurance company is not providing you with weekly compensation benefits (i.e. a workers’ compensation check), then the insurance company will usually file an LS- 207 - Notice of Controversion with the US Department of Labor and you will be sent a copy. If the DBA insurance company has sent you an LS-207 - Notice of Controversion, you need to make sure you read it and get the documentation necessary to overcome the reasons why the DBA insurance company is denying your claim.

This is no time to dilly-dally. You need to get the evidence needed to win your case. Meaning, a doctor’s report (see Part X Medical Benefits). Second, you need to immediately request an Emergency Informal Conference. Then you must have Recommendations issued by the OWCP claims examiner. Then you must file a LS-18 in order to get a trial scheduled.

This is a “get in line and wait” system. The quicker you get your case to the Judge’s office and start waiting in line for your trial and then your Decision and Order, the quicker you will get your TTD benefits. Sometimes once you get the necessary documentation (i.e., a medical report), the DBA insurance carrier will start providing you with weekly compensation benefits. Oftentimes, the threat of a trial will get the DBA insurance company to provide benefits or settle cases.

If this has happened to you, right about now would be a good time for you hire the best DBA lawyer you can find. Hey, know this - hiring a DBA lawyer doesn’t have to be painful or stressful - and it shouldn’t be.

Temporary Partial Disability (TPD)

Under the DBA, if you are temporarily unable to perform your usual and customary work, the DBA insurance carrier is supposed to pay you 2/3’s of your average weekly wage up to the maximum compensation rate.

Temporary Partial Disability (TPD) comes into play mainly under a rare circumstance. If your employer has work for you that pays less than your regular pay - than you may be entitled to the difference between the less pay you get for the “light duty” work and your compensation rate. The reason why this is rare under the DBA is that you will usually have to come home (for example, the United States) to get medical treatment. Your DBA employer will usually not have work for you do to in your home State. This is why TPD under these circumstances is relatively rare.

* For more detailed information on disability under the DBA check out pages 123-157 in the Win Your DBA Case” book.

Be sure to check out all of the 5 Star reviews of Win Your Defense Base Act Case on amazon.com 


8. What if I don’t have an incident report?

When speaking to a Defense Base Act client, one of the first things I ask to see is any incident reports/ injury reports. And, one of the first things the DBA insurance company asks to see is any incident reports/ injury reports. Obviously an incident report goes a long way to documenting your injury.

That is why we both ask to see it. At some point, your DBA Lawyer will either be settling your case or presenting it to the Judge. The more documentation you have which corroborates your injury incident, the better.

But what if you don’t have an incident/ injury report? What if your supervisor refused to fill one out? Or maybe you didn’t realize you were as badly hurt as you turned out to be and you just didn’t get an accident report filled out? What then?

Report your injury

Whatever the circumstances, 99% of the time you should report your injury as early as possible. If you haven’t reported your injury yet, today would most likely be a good day to do so.

Seriously, every day you wait to report your Defense Base Act injury increases the odds of your claim being denied by the DBA insurance company (they deny timely reported claims left and right also), and most importantly, having your claim denied by the DBA Judge.

If nothing else, send an email. Tell a supervisor or someone in the company that is higher in rank than you. “Hey, I got hurt on such and such day when I did such and such.... My back hurts....” You don’t need to provide a huge amount of information: basic details are fine and probably preferable. Send a copy of the email to yourself so you can document that it was actually sent.

* Want more in-depth information on how to report your injury; check out pages 18-19  of the “Win Your Defense Base Act Case” book.

9.  What if my employer doesn’t have DBA Insurance?

All Defense Base Act employers are required to secure the payment of compensation. Meaning, they have to have Defense Base Act insurance. If a sub-contractor fails to obtain DBA insurance coverage, then the general contractor is required to provide DBA insurance for the worker.

If the employer fails to obtain DBA insurance, you can sue the employer for civil damages. In uninsured DBA employer cases, the employer cannot defend the claim based upon your injuries being caused by a co-worker, assumption of the risk, or due to your negligence.

10.  What is the biggest myth about the Defense Bast Act?

There’s a huge misconception about the Defense Base Act that needs to be dispelled in order for you to understand why you’ll need a seasoned Defense Base Act Lawyer to fight for your DBA benefits:

Just because you have a legitimate injury and cannot work, it does not mean that you will receive Defense Base Act benefits. That’s because benefits are paid by your employer’s insurance company, which has an arsenal of lawyers who are paid to deny your claim.

The fact that you have a legitimate injury means next to nothing when you are going into court asking for money. The only thing that matters is, “What can you prove?” Not, whether you have a legitimate injury.

Bonus Section 

11.  How should I interact with the DBA Insurance adjuster?

If you have a Defense Base Act claim and you have not hired a Defense Base Act Lawyer yet, then you need to know how you should deal with the Defense Base Act insurance adjuster.

Once you have a DBA injury you are at war with the DBA insurance company. No matter how nice the Defense Base Act claims adjuster is to you - - at the end of the day, their job is to keep you from getting the medical benefits and money compensation benefits you are entitled to under the law.

However, just because you are at war with the insurance company does not justify or permit you to be rude or short with the DBA insurance adjuster.

You should be polite when dealing with the adjuster. Remember, at the end of the day, the insurance adjuster decides whether they are going to admit or deny your injuries and/or provide you benefits.

Just as your mother may have once said, “You catch more flies with honey than vinegar.” It is the same with insurance adjusters. They usually have hundreds of files. They have files where they approve the benefits and files where they fight on every issue. Your job is to not give additional incentive to the adjuster to deny your benefits. Be polite. But remember, they are the enemy.

* For more information on how to deal with your DBA adjuster check out pages 41-46 in “Win Your DBA Case” book.

12.  What happens if DBA insurance won’t authorize my medical treatment?

 Oftentimes, the DBA insurance company adjusters will either not authorize your free choice physician or they will only authorize treatment with a doctor of their choosing. Either way, you need to make a record. Meaning, document what is happening to you.

A letter with a proof of service or an email will do. With email, be sure to send a copy to yourself also, so you can prove you emailed your request to the DBA adjuster.


Your letter/ email needs to say something like this:



Adjuster Name

Contact Address


Re: 11-7-2013 Afghanistan DBA Injury - XYZ Security Co.


Please be respectfully advised that I hereby choose the

Following physician to be my free choice physician:


Dr. Cindy Hugeheart

Orthopedic Surgeon

101 Hospital Lane 
City of Anywhere, My State

(222) 222-2222


Please authorize evaluation/ treatment. Please advise.



Dave B. Hurting


* For more detailed information about what to do if the DBA insurance company won’t authorize your medical treatment, check out pages 75-77 in Win Your Defense Base Act Case” book.


But, as I mention above, you need to lawyer -up. And If you haven't lawyered up, now is the time to do so!

William Turley
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“When I seek out professional advice, I don’t want B.S., I want it straight up. I figure you do also.”

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