Which of California’s 17 Wage Orders Apply to Me?
California’s 17 separate wage orders were created by the Industrial Welfare Commission (IWC), and are overseen by California’s Department of Industrial Relations (DIR). These orders are numbered 1 through 17, and each one is available to the public and dated with the year in which it was last amended.
State wage orders regulate many different factors, most notably the wage levels, hours, overtime calculations, and working conditions for each industry (for example, delivery truck drivers are guaranteed proper meal and rest breaks under Wage Order #9.). Employers are required to comply with both the general California labor laws and any wage orders that apply to their business. If an employer fails to comply with all provisions of state employment laws, they may face penalties through the Division of Labor Standards Enforcement (DLSE).
The 17 California wage orders include provisions for:
- Manufacturing Industry
- Personal Services Industry
- Canning, Freezing, and Preserving Industry
- Professional, Technical, Clerical, Mechanical and Similar Occupations
- Public Housekeeping Industry
- Laundry, Linen Supply, Dry Cleaning and Dyeing Industry
- Mercantile Industry
- Industries Handling Products After Harvest
- Transportation Industry
- Amusement and Recreation Industry
- Broadcasting Industry
- Motion Picture Industry
- Industries Preparing Agricultural Products for Market, on the Farm
- Agricultural Occupations
- Household Occupation
- Certain On-Site Occupations in the Construction, Drilling, Logging and Mining Industries
- Miscellaneous Employees (workers who are not covered by another industry or occupation order)
It is important to note that there are some exceptions to industry wage orders. Some employees may be exempt from earning overtime in certain situations, such as technical workers (covered under Wage Order 4) whose total pay is at least 50 percent in the form of commissions and who earn at least one and one-half times the minimum wage.
To learn more about your rights in a wage and hour case, read through our free book, California Truck & Delivery Driver Wage Theft: The Ultimate Straight Talk Guide to Getting Your Hard Earned Wages Back.